Encountered while making
flash cards--hadn't seen this elsewhere, but seems helpful (and
wouldn't fit on a card)--Vaillant's Levels
of Defense Mechanisms:
Level I - psychotic defences (i.e.
psychotic denial, delusional projection)
Level II - immature defences (i.e.
fantasy, projection, passive aggression, acting
Level III - neurotic defences (i.e.
intellectualization, reaction formation, dissociation,
Level IV - mature defences (i.e.
humour, sublimation, suppression, altruism,