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ASWB Practice Question: Parent Attitudes and Child Substance Use

teen smokingA mother tells a social worker she knows her teenager will experiment with drugs at some point because "all kids try marijuana." How is this mother's attitude likely to affect her child's substance use?

Okay, stop here. Do you have a general idea what the answer should look like? It's often helpful to take a second and think it through. In this case: will the mother's permissiveness increase, decrease, or have no impact on her child's substance use? What's your knowledge of the topic say? What's your gut say?

Let's look at the offered answers.

A. This mother's attitude can help her child use substances more responsibly because there is no need to rebel or lie about experimentation.

B. The likelihood that the child will experiment won't be affected, since a parent's attitude about drugs and alcohol has minimal bearing on whether or not a child uses substances.

C. This mother's attitude is apt to be a self-fulfilling prophecy that will increase the likelihood her child will use substances.

D. Since this mother has an open mind about substance use, her attitude may actually decrease the likelihood that her child will experiment with drugs.

If you're a SWTP free practice question completist, this may ring a bell. This is similar to a question we posted once-upon-a-time on the blog.

Which answer most closely matches what you were picturing? Boiled down, the choices are that the mother's attitude will:

A. Decrease the teen's substance use.

B. No impact on the teen's substance use.

C. Increase the teen's substance use.

D. Paradoxically decrease the teen's substance use.

What do you think?

An answer: Not every family is the same, but generally speaking, permissive parenting with fewer limits gets you a kid more at ease with experimentation. Authoritarian parenting engenders resentment and rebellion. The parenting style that's balanced between the two poles, the to-be-aimed-for sweet spot, is called authoritative parenting. Each will impact child substance use-which more-or-less gives you the answer. (It's C, increase).

Note, the question doesn't ask about substance abuse, just use. Mom says it's okay to try a drug, the kid is probably going to try the drug. Just to see. Right?

Or does that conflict with your ideas on the topic? Here are a couple of articles that detail research findings. Good to know.

Hopefully, you'll get to put this to use on the ASWB exam as you work your way to a PASS.

For lots more questions drawn from all parts of the ASWB exam content outline, try our complete exams. Sign up now to get started.

Happy studying and good luck on the exam!

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Denise Passed the California Law & Ethics Exam

denise passed the ca law and ethics examCalifornia's the only state that has a separate law and ethics exam. Denise is in California, so she had the extra obstacle to clear. And she did. Her note:

I passed on my first try. Thanks.

Congratulations, Denise!

If you're in California and need L&E practice or clinical exam practice, we've got that. And if you're anywhere else the ASWB covers (that's the rest of the U.S. and Canada), we've got practice for you. Create an account to get started. We're rooting for you.

Happy studying and good luck with the exam!

Janay Passed the Masters Exam

janay passed the hawaii masters examInbox item from Hawaii:

Hi! I passed the exam! SWTP was a great and useful study guide. The questions really helped and mimicked the real test so much! Thanks for creating such a great resource!

Congratulations, Janay! Excellent news!

You're next. There are more than 900 questions on Social Work Test Prep, all designed to help get you ready to pass the social work licensing exam. (That's not even counting the ones on the SWTP blog.) There are thorough rationales for each answer of each question to help you learn not just what the right answer of a question is, but why. Plus you learn a lot of additional information as you go.

Get practice, get licensed. Create an account to get started.

Happy studying and good luck on the exam!

Social Work Exam Practice: ASD Treatment

preschoolHere's a free practice question to help get you ready for the social work licensing exam:

A social worker provides consultation to a local preschool program. There's a four-year-old in the program who's been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. The parents ask the social worker for help addressing their child's developmental issues. What treatment intervention is MOST likely to be helpful?

A. Cognitive Therapy

B. Family Therapy

C. Applied Behavioral Analysis

D. Play Therapy

What's your answer?

Let's walk it through. First off, the question step is unnecessarily wordy. The question could simply read, What is the treatment most likely to be helpful to a four-year-old diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder? The rest of the details (consultation, preschool program, parents asking) don't really affect your answer. But you're task as an exam taker is to pass the exam, not offer literary criticism. Stay focused on your goal: a PASS sheet and a new social work license. Ignore distractions like less-than-elegant question form.

What about the answers? Taking them one at a time:

A. Cognitive therapy. CBT is evidence based and helpful for lots of conditions. You could do pretty well with a "When in doubt, choose CBT" approach to the exam. This time, it's not the answer. The child is four. Identifying thoughts, cognitive distortions, etc. takes a facility with insight and language not likely to be present here. Moving on…

B. Family therapy. Could work. We don't have details about how sever the ASD symptoms the child is displaying are. If they're at all severe, family therapy is not going to be effective. Or, at least, not the MOST effective.

C. Applied behavioral analysis. If you've worked with ASD kids, you've probably heard of this. If not, this may be a mystery treatment. If you're in the latter group, it's worth flagging this as a possibility. The ASWB doesn't do trick questions or trick answers. So, anything offered isn't going to be a made-up therapy. Behavioral treatment? Sounds good. Applied analysis? Could work. One more to go.

D. Play therapy. Okay, makes more sense than CBT or family therapy. It's child-centered, not overly verbal. Seems like a decent answer.

So, we're left with two possibilities to choose from. It's applied behavioral analysis vs. play therapy. Both seem like plausible best answers.

How do you choose?

Think of what you know about ASD symptoms. What you've encountered or heard how people diagnosed with ASD present. For milder cases, sure, play therapy seems like a good idea. But what about severe symptoms? Limited communication... Play therapy doesn't seem like the best fit.

That leaves, for those who've never heard of it, something called applied behavioral analysis. (Those who have heard of it know that it's a first-choice  treatment with ASD.) Close your eyes, wince, and hit the button. It's your best guess.

And it's right. Read up about the treatment here and here.

And now, if you encounter applied behavioral analysis on the exam, you'll be ready. That's the magic of test prep. 

There's lots more test prepping to do here on SWTP. Sign up to create and account and get started.

Happy studying and good luck with the exam!

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Jennifer Passed the Tennessee Clinical Social Work Exam

jennifer passed the tennessee clinical social work examJennifer writes from Tennessee:

"I passed my exam today thanks to your program!"

Congratulations, Jennifer! Great news!

It's fantastic to see a big, "I passed the social work licensing exam" smile. Looking forward to seeing more and more of these as testing is slowly phased back in.

Not many states have opened testing back up, but at least exam scheduling is up and running fairly widely (check Pearson VUE for details where you are).

In the meantime, keep your smile ready as you get your skills prepped with SWTP practice tests. Coupon code STUDYSAFE20 will get you extra savings. Hit the green arrows beside the coupon box to see the discount register.

Stay safe, happy studying, and good luck on the exam!

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